Over the years, as cartilage wears away and bone surfaces rub together, a person can have pain and stiffness in the ankle joint.
Ankle instability occurs when the ligaments become too stretched or torn, making the ankle feel unstable or like it moves too much.
A bunion is a common foot problem where the big toe points towards the second toe and causes crowding. This causes a large bump on the side of the foot, at the base of the big toe.
Claw toes occur when the muscles in the foot pull the smaller toes into the floor. This happens when some of the longer muscles from the leg pull more than the smaller muscles in the foot.
Some persons with diabetes have a high risk for foot problems, whereas others are not really at increased risk for foot problems.
A flatfoot deformity occurs when the arch of the foot starts to flatten or drop towards the ground (can also be called ‘fallen arches’).
Forefoot Pain – Metatarsalgia
Long-lasting pain in the forefoot (between the toes and the rest of the foot, called the metatarsal joints) is sometimes called ‘metatarsalgia’ (sounds like met-ah-tar-sal-geeya).
Midfoot arthritis affects the bones of the middle part of the foot and typically begins with damage to the cartilage after a foot injury or as a result of ‘wear and tear’ of the joints.
Morton’s neuroma is a kind of forefoot pain that usually affects the ‘ball’ of the foot.
When too much stress is put on a tendon attaching muscles to bones, it can become irritated or inflamed. This is called tendonitis.